29/11/2019
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions

A PhD position for an early-stage researcher (ESR) in Insect Health and Pathology at MICALIS Institute INRA, Jouy-en-Josas, France


  • ORGANISATION/COMPANY
    INRA
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    Biological sciencesBiology
  • RESEARCHER PROFILE
    First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • APPLICATION DEADLINE
    29/12/2019 22:00 - Europe/Brussels
  • LOCATION
    France › Jouy-en-Josas
  • TYPE OF CONTRACT
    Temporary
  • JOB STATUS
    Full-time
  • HOURS PER WEEK
    38H40
  • OFFER STARTING DATE
    03/05/2020
  • EU RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME
    H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
  • MARIE CURIE GRANT AGREEMENT NUMBER
    859850

Project topic: “Feed and probiotics in insect health and pathogen resistance”

This PhD position (ESR13) is part of an innovative new European Joint Doctoral Programme (EJD) Named Insect Doctors between the Université Paris-Saclay in France and the University of Wageningen in the Netherlands, and is funded in the framework of the H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie ITN programme.

Principal host institution: The MICALIS institute is a high-profile Microbiology “joint research unit” (UMR) associating INRA (The French National Institute of Agricultural Research), AgroParisTech (a top level training school for European engineers and managers in the fields of life sciences and environment) and Paris-Saclay University. MICALIS brings together over 350 persons including 120 researchers, engineers and professors, and more than 90 post-docs, PhD students and master students. It is part of the INRA research center located in Jouy-en-Josas (20 Km south-west of Paris and 7 km east of Versailles) that offers excellent modern laboratory infrastructures and a stimulating research environment. The INRA research center in Jouy-en-Josas is the largest INRA center in France with 820 permanent INRA employees, 430 from other partner organizations and more than 250 fixed-term contract workers, including more than 150 doctoral students (http://www.jouy.inra.fr/en). It is also a unique space offering a continuity of research on food, animals, and microorganisms and an integral element of the Université Paris-Saclay campus (https://www.universite-paris-saclay.fr/en).

Please note that INRA and Irstea (The National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture) will merge on 1 January 2020 to become INRAE (National Research Institute for agriculture, food and environment).

 

Principal supervisor (INRA): Christina Nielsen-LeRoux, (Christina.nielsen-leroux@inra.fr) Research director, Micalis Institute (INRA, Jouy-en-Josas), team Microbial Genetics and Environment (GME) https://www.micalis.fr/micalis_eng/Poles-and-teams/Pole-Bacterial-Adapta...

Co-supervisors: The principal secondment (10 months) is with Professor Joop Van Loon, Laboratory of Entomology, WUR, NL (joop.vanloon@wur.nl). A Shorter stay (3 months) with Annette Bruun Jensen, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Copenhagen (UCPH) (abj@plen.ku.dk) DK is programmed. Two industrial partners are also involved: Dr. Thomas Lefebvre (YNSECT company, Evry, F (tle@ynsect.com) and the Koppert company, Dr. Tom Groot (tgroot@Koppert.nl) Berkel en Rodenrijs, NL. In house at Micalis Institute INRA: Dr.Vincent Borja-Sanchis vincent.sanchis-borja@inra.fr and Dr. Muriel Thomas (Muriel.thomas@inra.fr) are involved as well.

Subject background :Feed and probiotics in insect health and pathogen resistance” ( project ESR n°13)

Diet composition is an important factor for the development and health issues of all organisms including insects. It is known that the gut microbiota is more or less essential for nutrient assimilation, depending on the feed composition and the insect species. It is also reported that the microbiota composition varies during development stages. Meanwhile the relative role of the feed ingredients and particularly the presence of particular probiotics (bacteria/yeast) in a giving feed preparation needs to be investigated particularly for insects being reared at large scale. Indeed, the benefice of certain Lactobacillus species to protect honeybees against American foulbrood is reported likewise Enterococcus mundtii was shown to reduce Bacillus thuringiensis infection in Tribolium.

Specific objectives: In the context of the InsectDoctors programme we will explore the growth and fitness avantage of « probiotics » in Tenebrio molitor (Tm) (the yellow meal worm) and if and how they play a role to reduce the infection rate of a few pathogens (Bacillus thuringiensis, Serratia marsescens, and the fungi Metarhizium. At Micalis we have in collaboration with the YNSECT company experienced infection assays with Tm and the bacteria; at WUR and UCPH they work with the role of feed ingredients, fungus and probiotics respectively, but so far no clear molecular or mechanistic analysis have been established. Therefore in the project the main objectives are to explore the influence of the probiotics in vitro and in vivo to determine how they influence the pathogens growth and expression of virulence or adaptation factors. Determine if the role and benefice is dependent on the age (larval stage), by setting up appropriate experiments measuring growth (kinetics and weight), gut microbiota variation and chemical modifications in the final insect meal (for selected conditions) with and without pathogen stress. Expected results: Better insight into the role of feed composition and the capacity and mechanisms of probiotics to increase growth and reduce infections

 

Benefits

Benefits:

 

Once recruited, we will offer:

1. The possibility to work in an inspiring and interesting Horizon 2020 project;

2. A full-time contract for 36 months;

3. An attractive salary in accordance with the Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (MSCA) regulations for Early Stage Researchers. The fellowship consists of a competitive gross salary of 3270 euros/month plus a mobility allowance of 600 euros/month and a family allowance of 500 euros/month (if married); this amount is a gross contribution to the employer salary costs that include salary and employer charges. The exact (net) salary will be confirmed upon appointment and will result from deducting all compulsory employer costs, social security and direct taxes from the gross salary.

4. At least two internships (also known as ‘secondments’) to another academic partner and to another industrial partner in the INSECT DOCTORS network, in order to gain new insights into research and into work in the industry.

5. A double degree from Université Paris-Saclay, France and University of Wageningen , Netherland

Eligibility criteria

In order to be eligible for a place within INSECT DOCTORS, strict rules are set out by the European Commission. So please make sure you comply with these rules when applying.

 

  1. You must be an Early-Stage Researcher (ESR), meaning that at the day of your recruitment (= start date of your contract) you must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of your research career, after obtaining your MSc degree.

 

  1. You have not been awarded a doctoral degree before.

 

  1. Mobility Rule: You must not have resided or carried out your main activity (work, studies, etc.) in the country of the recruiting organisation for more than 12 months in the 3 years immediately before the day of your recruitment. For this particular PhD position the country of the recruiting organisation is France. Compulsory national service, short stays such as holidays, and time spent as part of a procedure for obtaining refugee status under the Geneva Convention 1, are not taken into account.

 

Please note, that the above rules are not negotiable.

Selection process

Selection process:

Interested candidates are expected to have been trained in microbiology, entomology, insect pathology,  genetics and/or ecology and they should have experience in conducting biological experiments. Additional skills in applied mathematics and/or in using bioinformatics tools will be an advantage. A capacity to work independently, proficiency in the English language and good communication abilities are also required.

Applications should include:

- i) a short CV including a publication list (if any);

- ii) a one-page letter motivating a) why you want to do a PhD; b) why are you applying for this specific position; c) why do you consider yourself a suitable candidate for this position; copies of degree and academic transcripts (with grades and rankings);

- iii) a brief summary of Master's thesis (max. 1 page); a proof of sufficient English language (test results or proof of MSc education in English, etc.).

- iv) Full contact details (Name, address, telephone & email) of two referees willing to write confidential letters of recommendation.

 

In addition you will have to supply information concerning:

- i) the Countries and duration of residence in the three years directly before the recruitment date (eligibility criteria).

- ii) a statement that you are in your first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of your research career.

- iii) A statement that you have not been awarded a doctoral degree already. Please also indicate in your application whether you have also applied or intend to apply for other PhD positions in the INSECT DOCTORS programme.

 

Applications will only be accepted by e-mail and should be sent to Christina.nielsen-Leroux@inra.fr 

We will provide feedback soon after the application deadline  ( January 6th, 2020) is over. Shortlisted candidates will be invited for a skype interview.

Additional comments

https://www.insectdoctors.eu/en/insectdoctors.htm  this  website will  give you a good overview of the whole Insect Doctors project and you can be informed of all job offers. 

Web site for additional job details

Required Research Experiences

  • RESEARCH FIELD
    Biological sciencesBiology
  • YEARS OF RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
    1 - 4

Offer Requirements

  • REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVEL
    Biological sciences: Master Degree or equivalent
  • REQUIRED LANGUAGES
    ENGLISH: Excellent

Skills/Qualifications

Skills/ Qualifications: Interested candidates are expected to have been trained in microbiology, entomology, insect pathology, immunology, genetics and/or ecology. Additional skills in genomics, applied mathematics and/or in using bioinformatics tools will be an advantage. A capacity to work independently and good communication abilities are also required.

Specific Requirements

This PhD position is part of a large Double Degree Programme called INSECT DOCTORS, funded by the European Commission. The overall aim of the INSECT DOCTORS’ training programme is to educate a new generation of scientist that have in-depth knowledge on insect pathogens, as well as the skills to assist the upcoming industry of insect mass rearing to prevent disease outbreaks in their insect cultures.

In total, 15 PhD positions are available in this programme, and each PhD candidate will be enrolled at two universities in different European countries. Each PhD candidate will have his/her own research project involving stays in at least two countries. Several novel PhD courses will be offered to all PhD candidates of INSECT DOCTORS. Start dates for all these PhD positions are scheduled for April/May 2020. To learn more about the training network please visit our website: www.insectdoctors.eu

 

In order to be eligible for a place within INSECT DOCTORS, strict rules are set out by the European Commission. So please make sure you comply with these rules when applying.

  1. You must be an Early-Stage Researcher (ESR), meaning that at the day of your recruitment (= start date of your contract) you must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of your research career, after obtaining your MSc degree.
  2. You have not been awarded a doctoral degree before.
  3. Mobility Rule: You must not have resided or carried out your main activity (work, studies, etc.) in the country of the recruiting organisation for more than 12 months in the 3 years immediately before the day of your recruitment. For this particular PhD position the country of the recruiting organisation is France. Compulsory national service, short stays such as holidays, and time spent as part of a procedure for obtaining refugee status under the Geneva Convention 1, are not taken into account.

 

Map Information

Job Work Location Personal Assistance locations
Work location(s)
1 position(s) available at
Micalis Institute
France
Yvelines
Jouy-en-Josas
78350
4 avenue Jean Jaures

EURAXESS offer ID: 467654

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